Halftone QR Codes
Hung-Kuo Chu, Chia-Sheng Chang, Ruen-Rone Lee, Niloy J. Mitra
ACM SIGGRAPH ASIA 2013

Abstract:

QR code is a popular form of barcode pattern that is ubiquitously used to tag information to products or for linking advertisements. While, on one hand, it is essential to keep the patterns machine readable; on the other hand, even small changes to the patterns can easily render them unreadable. Hence, in absence of any computational support, such QR codes appear as random collections of black/white modules, and are often visually unpleasant. We propose an approach to produce high quality visual QR codes, which we call halftone QR codes, that are still machine-readable. First, we build a pattern readability function wherein we learn a probability distribution of what modules can be replaced by which other modules. Then, given a text tag, we express the input image in terms of the learned dictionary to encode the source text. We demonstrate that our approach produces high quality results on a range of inputs and under different distortion effects.

System Pipeline:

Results:

Video:

Bibtex:

@article{halftoneQRC_sigA13,
AUTHOR = "Hung-Kuo Chu and Chia-Sheng Chang and Ruen-Rone Lee and Niloy J. Mitra",
TITLE = "Halftone QR Codes",
JOURNAL = "ACM Transactions on Graphics",
YEAR = "2013",
NOTE = "to appear"
}

Paper (6MB) Video (59.5MB) Demo (66.5MB) Online Generator