Animated Construction of Line Drawings
Hongbo Fu, Shizhe Zhjou, Ligang Liu, Niloy J. Mitra


Revealing the sketching sequence of a line drawing can be visually intriguing and used for video-based storytelling. Typically this is enabled based on tedious recording of artists' drawing process. We demonstrate that it is often possible to estimate a reasonable drawing order from a static line drawing with clearly defined shape geometry, which looks plausible to a human viewer. We map the key principles of drawing order from drawing cognition to computational procedures in our framework. Our system produces plausible animated constructions of input line drawings, with no or little user intervention. We test our algorithm on a range of input sketches, with varying degree of complexity and structure, and evaluate the results via a user study. We also present applications to gesture drawing synthesis and drawing animation creation especially in the context of video scribing.



We thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments, the many participants of the user studies for their time, Gail Redman for video narration, Kanlun Cen for the line drawings used in this paper, and Wilmot Li for his many suggestions and insightful comments. Hongbo Fu is partly supported by grants from CityU (No. SRG7002533), and the HKSAR Research Grants Council (No. 9041562); Ligang Liu is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61070071) and the 973 National Key Basic Research Foundation of China (2009CB320801); Niloy J. Mitra was partially supported by KAUST research network.


AUTHOR = "Hongbo Fu and Shizhe Zhjou and Ligang Liu and Niloy Mitra",
TITLE = "Animated Construction of Line Drawings",
JOURNAL = "ACM Transactions on Graphics",
VOLUME = "30",
NUMBER = "6",
pages = {133:1--133:10},
articleno = {133},
numpages = {10},
YEAR = "2011",

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